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Domain Names

One of the most essential prerequisites for running a successful Internet presence is the domain name. It is what people will spot first when they discover your site and what they will link you with. The domain should be easy to remember, but should also be something that tells your site's visitors what the web page is about.

Generic Top-Level Domains (gTLDs)

A domain name typically consists of two fragments - a Top-Level Domain (TLD) and a Second-Level Domain Name (SLD). If you have domain.com, for instance, ".com" is the Top-Level Domain and "domain" is the Second-Level Domain Name. There are a couple of groups of TLDs that you should consider prior to selecting the domain name you want. Your selection should be based on the purpose of your web site and on its target audience. Let's have a glimpse at the gTLDs, or generic Top-Level Domains - these are the most typical Top-Level Domain Names meant to denote a specific function - .com (business entities), .net (networks), .biz (businesses), .info (informative web sites), .org (not-for-profit organizations), .mobi (handheld devices), .asia (the Asia-Pacific), .name (individuals or relatives), .pro (given walks of life), etc. As you can see, these Top-Level Domains cover most spheres of life, so you should pick the one that would show the aim of your web site best. There is no limitation as to who can register such Top-Level Domains, but some of them contain extra procedures to ascertain that you qualify to own such a TLD (.mobi and .pro, for example).

Country-code Top-Level Domain Names (ccTLDs)

The ccTLDs, or country-code Top-Level Domains, are country-specific TLDs. Each country has its own ccTLD. Opting for such a Top-Level Domain is good if your target group of web site visitors is from a given country. Many folks would sooner purchase goods or services from a local site, and if your aim is Canada, for example, settling on a .ca domain name could increase the visits to your web site.

Domain Name Redirection

You can register a number of domains, which can send your web page's visitors to a given web page like domain.com, for instance. This would increase the traffic and lower the likelihood of someone swiping your web page visitors by using the same Second-Level Domain Name with a different Top-Level Domain Name - if you are not availing of a trademark.

Name Servers (NSs)

Each Top-Level Domain Name has domain name records. The name server records (NS records, aka DNS records) specify where the domain is hosted, in other words they point to the web hosting distributor whose name servers (NSs, aka DNSs) it is using at present. You can replace the NSs of your domain whenever you want. You can have your domain name registered with one company and get the web page hosting service itself from another. In this way, if you register your domain and come across good website hosting services someplace else afterwards, you can point your domain to the current provider's DNSs instantly.

Name Server Records (NS Records)

On the whole, as long as your domain name uses a given set of NSs, all its domain name server records will direct to the same web space hosting company. Some webspace hosting companies, though, enable you to modify specific NS records, like the A records and the MX records of your domain. The A record is an IP address, which shows on which web server your web page is situated, while the MX records disclose which web server tackles the e-mail box accounts associated with your domain name. For example, if you hire a new web site designer and he creates an .ASP website that will be accommodated on his personal Windows server, you may want to alter only the Internet Protocol address (the A record) but not the MX records of your domain. In this way, www.domain.com will direct to the Windows hosting server, but your mailboxes or any sub-domains like forum.domain.com or shop.domain.com will still be in your present Linux webspace hosting account. The .ASP environment is designed by Microsoft and necessitates a Windows web hosting server, although a Linux hosting server would be way more reliable.

Cut-Price Domains Courtesy of Freehostia.com

Just a small number of web space hosting vendors allow you to modify certain records and quite often this an extra paid service. With Freehostia.com, you have a large variety of Top-Level Domain Names to choose from and you can modify all domain name records or redirect the domain names via a forwarding tool at no extra charge. For that reason, Freehostia.com would be your finest choice when it comes to managing your domain names and to creating a successful presence on the Internet.